Julie, the Loving American Eskimo
We are writing in celebration of our 13th year with our amazing Julie, a miniature American Eskimo, who we adopted from Nancy Houser when we were looking for an addition to our family after losing our previous American Eskimo of 17 years.
We love the breed and we couldn’t have found a more loving and caring person in Nancy who made all the arrangements to get her from Nebraska to New Jersey.
Thank you, Nancy, for it is you we have to thank for this precious gift we call an extension of our family.
The American Eskimo
The American Eskimo Dog is a breed of companion dog originating in Germany. The American Eskimo is a member of the Spitz family. The breed’s progenitors were German Spitz, but due to anti-German prejudice during the First World War, it was renamed “American Eskimo Dog”.
Although modern American Eskimos have been exported as German Spitz Gross (or Mittel, depending on the dog’s height), the breeds have diverged and the standards are significantly different. In addition to serving as a watchdog and companion, the American Eskimo dog also achieved a high degree of popularity in the United States in the 1930s and 1940s as a circus performer.
History of the American Eskimo
The American Eskimo Dog was originally bred to guard people and property and, therefore, is territorial by nature and a valiant watchdog, but is not considered an aggressive breed. Due to the breed’s watchdog history, American Eskimos are generally quite vocal, barking at any stranger who comes in proximity to their owners’ territory.
In Northern Europe, smaller Spitz were eventually developed into the various German Spitz breeds. European immigrants brought their Spitz pets with them to the United States, especially New York, in the early 1900s, “all of them descended from the larger German Spitz, the Keeshond, the white Pomeranian, and the Italian Spitz, the Volpino Italiano.”