The Guard Dog – How to Choose a Breed with Correct Behaviors
Note: The guard dog is a security or protection dog. His or her job saves thousands of dollars of property damage and saves many lives every day. In a way, they are considered a hero dog.
If you need help to choose a guard dog, here are a few top-notch breeds to choose from. Each has its own behavior and personality. Remember. A dog whose purpose is guarding helps protect your property and your family from danger. A bad one will not.
Choosing the perfect security dog for you, your business, and your family requires two things:
- First, the dog should be capable of guarding what you need to have guarded.
- Second, know your limitations. Recognized how much training you can offer your dog an for them to do their job correctly.
Different Types of Guard Dogs
“All guard dogs are watch dogs but not all watch dogs are guard dogs.”
— Taken from Expert Security Tips
All dogs are able to guard, as it is a natural-born instinct of all dog breeds. How they do the job is what separates one dog breed from another. The specialized guard dog is one who puts a little more ” ‘umph” into their job of guarding than a watch dog.
Guard dogs are divided into six job categories:
- Attack dogs
- Commercial property protection dogs
- Home security dogs
- Military dogs
- Personal property dogs
- Sentry or livestock dogs
Our Choice of the Best Four Guard Dogs
The following 4 breeds of guarding dogs are recognized as outstanding. Yet, they are also intimidating and loyal enough to do an excellent job of scaring off approaching intruders. These breeds are not only great guard dogs, but are known as being protective family dogs with good behaviors.
The Rottweiler is Considered the World’s Best Guard Dog
The Rottweiler is one of the world’s oldest guarding dogs. Large and intimidating, they have a naturally protective and watchful instinct.
The breed originated in ancient Rome around 74 AD. It traveled with the Roman Legions while they were at war, herding cattle that was used as food for their soldiers. Once Rome was defeated, they were no longer needed and their numbers dwindled.
Around WWI, the Rottweiler was used as police dogs, a job that eventually brought their numbers back up. By the 1990s, they became the most registered dog breed of the AKC organization. Today they are used as search and rescue dogs, guide dogs for the blind, guard dogs or police dogs, and as military dogs.
The Rottweiler is a breed that is strong, fearless and powerful. Some dogs reach 125 pounds. It is also highly intelligent, able to learn quickly and retains obedience training.
According to Wikipedia, “Rottweiler breeders aim at a dog of abundant strength, black coated with clearly defined rich tan markings, whose powerful appearance does not lack nobility and which is exceptionally well suited to being a companion, service and working dog.”
This breeds displays a calmness that originates from a confident and courageous dog. It is also good-natured yet placid in their basic disposition. It is highly devoted, obedient, biddable and eager to work. Its behavior is self-assured, steady and fearless … routinely reacting to their surroundings with extreme alertness.
The Rottweiler has shown aggression toward other dogs if it has not been trained or socialized properly. If this is the breed you choose, watch them closely as they can injure another animal easily due to their strength and size.
This is considered a low-maintenance dog. However, they do shed enough to require weekly brushing. In many countries, docking of their tail is banned, with the exception of the United States and New Zealand where show standards accept this practice.
The German Shepherd Dog is One of the Most Intelligent of Guard Dogs
The German Shepherd was originally bred for herding sheep, which made it an excellent guard dog. It was naturally protective not only of the herd but also of the family it belonged to. A breed that is strong and quick, it is also highly intelligent enough to be trained for any guard job.
On a universal level, the German Shepherds are the preferred breed for many different types of work. This includes search-and-rescue, police and military roles, and even acting roles such as Lassie. In the United States, they are the second most popular breed of dog and in England they are the fourth most popular breed of dog.
The German Shepherd places third in intelligence (directly behind Border Collies and Poodles) and can learn simple tasks after five repetitions. “Well-trained and well-socialized” German Shepherds have a reputation as being very safe. But if not trained or socialized, the German Shepherd has a reputation as being the third most likely breed to bite or attack smaller dogs or people. It has been known to become excessively protective if it does not receive early and adequate obedience training.
The Doberman is the most common of pet breeds and makes a great family protector. They are known for being intelligent, alert, and loyal companion dogs. Just the mere sight of a Doberman is often enough to scare away any intruders, at one time used as guard dogs and police dogs.
A family dog that can weigh up to 90 pounds, the Doberman is easily trainable, and gets along well with children and other pets your family may have at home. The breed is best suited as an indoor dogs due to their short hair and gentle disposition, but earlier in history they were kept outdoors.
The Doberman is a very active dog and needs daily exercise. In order to be a good guard dog, the Doberman will need extensive obedience training, but will retain this training and be obedient until the end of its days.
In Europe and Australia, there are laws against docking of the Doberman tail, but AKC standards require it as their tail is long enough that it gets in the way of a working dog of this breed. Their ears are cropped around 7 to 9 weeks of age. If they are cropped later on, the ears will not stand up and the procedure requires major surgery. In Germany, a Doberman with a docked tail and/or cropped ears cannot be entered in a conformation dog show unless the country is host to a nation show.
The Bull mastiff is a very large and powerful dog, weighing up to 130 pounds, but has an extremely sensitive personality. Its bloodlines are drawn from the English Mastiff and Old English Bulldog, and is a quiet dog that very rarely barks excessively. Bull mastiffs are known to be a very laid-back dog unless they sense danger. They are also a confident dog (but what dog would not at 130 pounds!) and surprisingly, do not require a lot of exercise.
This is a breed of dog that craves attention and will make themselves an integral part of your family. They are very loyal and faithful, guarding their family as if they were part of its own pack. Dogs of this breed are born as natural guardians of their home and its family. No special guard training is needed for a Bull mastiff to react appropriately if his family is endangered. Note: For a Bull Mastiff to become a well-behaved family member, consistency is needed.
Bull mastiffs can be stubborn and tend to slobber a lot. A lot. In fact, you may have to keep slobber rags strategically placed throughout your house to deal with the excess! Without proper training, they will show aggression toward other dogs. Because of this, they require obedience training and socialization with other dogs at a very young age. But this dog becomes bored easily with repeating the same acts again and again, so Bull Mastiff training is required …. not just any ol’ dog training.
Overall Top 10 Guard Dogs listed on Buzzle
- Bull Mastiff
- Cane Corso
- Caucasian Shepherd
- Doberman Pinscher
- German Shepherd
- Greater Swiss Mountain Dog
- Moscow Watchdog
Overall Top Guard Dogs that are Good With Children
- Black Russian Terrier
Any of these breeds would make a great guard dog. They are all highly intelligent, but almost all guard dogs will need some type of training. They will need at least a basic obedience training course and may benefit from a more advance training course. The more the dog training, the better the dog.
Train your guard dog and socialize it properly, and it will make a great protector and companion for your family and property throughout its life. And your life will be safer.
Article written Emma Sturgis, tweaked by Editor Nancy Houser of WayCoolDogs.com/Informational Credit to titanalarm.net