Dangerous Foods for Dogs: Avoiding the Worst of the Worst
Just like humans, dogs also have allergies and an intolerance to foods that could not only hurt them, but eventually lead to serious problems. By keeping an eye on what you feed your pet, you can ensure that your beloved furry friend will not end up at the veterinarian’s office after ingesting something that seems harmless at the beginning.
Effects of chocolate on dogs
One dangerous food that certainly needs to be avoided is chocolate, for much the same reason that coffee and caffeine in general should also be avoided. All three contain a substance called methylxanthine, which is present in cacao seeds.
When ingested by your dog, it can cause vomiting and diarrhea, as well as excessive panting, excessive thirst and urination, tremors, seizures, hyperactivity, abnormal heart rhythm and – the worst case scenario – death. Darker chocolate is more dangerous, and baking chocolate is the worst dog food of all foods. (Also read Healthy Human Food For Dogs)
Effects of alcohol on a dog’s central nervous system
While it is morally-questionable to give a pet alcohol in the first place, it also affects the central nervous system in much the same way as anything else.
Vomiting, diarrhea, poor coordination, depression, breathing difficulties and abnormal blood acidity can really wipe your dog out. They can also become comatose and die.
Common foods and dogs
Avocados, while seen as tasty and inoffensive, contain persin. Vomiting and diarrhea are standard with this particular compound, though it can be much worse (however, it tends to affect bird and rodents more). Grapes and raisins, meanwhile, can lead to kidney failure and are particularly bad for pets that already have health problems.
Macadamia nuts, which are more often used in cookies and chocolate in the US, are terrible for dogs. Causing weakness, depression, vomiting and hypothermia, these symptoms will kick in after just 12 hours of ingestion and last between 12 hours and two days.
While you’d think it was a good thing for your dog, raw and undercooked meat, eggs or bones contain bacteria such as salmonella and E coli. Raw eggs, meanwhile, contain avidin and can restrict vitamin B absorption. This can lead to skin and coat problems. Bones can be fine, but always be wary that a bone splinter can become lodged and puncture a pet’s digestive tract.
Onions, garlic and chives may not seem like the kind of thing you’d feed a dog in the first place, though gastrointestinal irritation can arise from these if they do manage to find their way into its bowl. An occasional low dose as found in some pet foods will often not cause a problem, though it is recommended that you avoid large quantities of these tasty morsels.
The penultimate addition to this important list is milk. Lactose can cause diarrhea or other digestive upsets, but is not fatal – just, perhaps, to your carpet. Finally, large amounts of salt can produce excessive thirst and urination, much like it can in humans. Vomiting, diarrhea, depression, tremors and elevated body temperature join more serious outcomes, such as seizures and death.
This list should arm you with all the information that you need. Stick to what you know is good and maintain a healthy life as well as diet – you can’t go far wrong!
Brought to you by Insurance for Dogs at Pets at Home