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Canine Dwarfism – Short-Legs of Dachshunds Helps New Study


Canine dwarfism is a field that is recently being studied. After the ancestor of modern dog breeds began and dog health began to be researched, a single genetic mutation was found in the evolution of short-legged breeds like dachshunds, corgis, or basset hounds. This gene has caused their stubby and curved legs—very distinct from the genes in the popular toy breeds like Chihuahuas or Shih Tzus. This genetic mutation is now thought to play a large role in an evaluational source of diversity within species, such as canine dwarfism.

Previous research on canine dwarfism shows that the short legs of certain dog breeds were a calcification of growth plates, or “disproportional dwarfism.” With humans affected by a growth disorder similar to this, researchers today feels that this particular gene mutation could be further investigated for the study of human dwarfism.

dachshund dwarfism
Adobe Licensed #48057323 – owner Nancy Houser

Canine dwarfism study the short legs of miniature dachshunds

Research in canine dwarfism indicates the short legs of the little dachshund are due to a single gene developed thousands of years ago. Further research shows that all purebred dogs with short legs carry an extra copy of a gene which codes “for a growth-promoting protein called fibroblast growth factor 4 (FGF4)”. (The American National Human Genome Research Institute).

This gene results in the overproduction of the FGF4 protein, known to switch on growth receptors at the wrong time during the puppy’s foetal development. This has caused the legs to be short and seemingly out of proportion. (Science Daily)

 

“Our findings may prove valuable to scientists studying other aspects of human growth and development,” said study leader Elaine Ostrander, also of the National Human Genome Research Institute. “The work also underscores the value of canine studies for uncovering new biological mechanisms that are likely relevant to human disease.” (published in the Science journal)

 

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2 Comments

  1. william
    July 14, 2010 at 10:27 pm — Reply

    i was just wondering if there are any health risk to the animal if found to have canine dwarfism my 8 mo old docshound-lab named fuzzel has the deformed legs a carchteristic of dwarfism .Im just conserned because of a walk i took him on caused him to limp towards the end he is fine now but should i worry

    • July 15, 2010 at 9:28 am — Reply

      I would have Fuzzel checked at your vet. They possibly will do a radiograph of his spine as the little doxie is susceptible to intervertebral disc disease. It is not normal for him to be limping at 8 months unless he stepped on something or twisted his foot when running. Before you go to the vet, have you checked the pad of his foot to see if a rock or pack of mud has jammed into the center? This is very painful and will cause him to limp and favor the foot.

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